The 70 Weeks Prophecy of Daniel
" Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy." (v 24)
Ok, so we see that "seventy weeks are determined". That's good, as it is a set time frame, it gives us something to work with. What will happen after the end of the seventy "weeks" ? Well, 1) it will finish the transgression. 2) make an end of sins. 3) make recociliation for iniquity. 4) bring in everlasting righteousness. 5) seal up the vision (conclude it) 6) Anoint the Most Holy.
That is what will be after the "seventy weeks" are over. Now we will examine this "seventy weeks". Firstly, we must acknowledge that the word "weeks" used here in the original Hebrew is "shabua" meaning "seven" as applied to years and not 7 day periods. So these "weeks" are actually periods of seven years and not seven days as in Genesis when "days" were in fact periods of 24 hours, and not metaphorical for something else. Therefore the "seven weeks" is actually 49 years ( 7 X 7=49 ). And the remaining "threescrore and two weeks" actually 434 years ( 62 X 7=434 ). So, the total is now 69 "weeks"/periods of 7 years each ( 69 X 7=483 years).
" Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself:," ( v 25-26)
Two distinctive periods are stipulated here. A period of the going forth of the "commandment to restore and build Jerusalem" and also another period of threescore (60) and two weeks (total 62) until Messiah is "cut off". These have been fulfilled by the restoration of the temple in Jerusalem given by order of King Artexerxes Longimanus of the Medes and Persians in year 453 BC, when he gave the commandment to rebuild and restore Jerusalem to Nehemiah (see Neh 2:5).
Ok, so from the time the commandment to restore was given (in 453 BC) unto Messiah equals 483 years, or 69 weeks ! The commandment (453 BC) to the crucifixion (30 AD) = 483 years. Though Jesus was 33 years old when He was " cut off ", modern historians date the birth of Christ at 4 BC and His crucifixion in 30 AD. this is because of a miscalculation on the part of the Catholic monk, Dionysius, who in the 6th century devised our present calendar system.
Therefore Jesus actually began His ministry at 30 years of age (Luke 3:23) in 27 AD and was " cut off " in 30 AD, completing the 69 weeks. The two part prophecy breaks down this way. One=7 weeks (49 years). Two=62 weeks(434 years). This is due to the wall and the city were built in the first seven weeks (49 years), and then another 62 "weeks" passed before the crucifixion.
We already know that when the "70 weeks" are completed we will have "everlasting righteousness" and that the prophecy will be concluded (v 24). This has obviously not happened yet. there still leaves out one "week", or period of seven years before the conclusion of this prophecy. Now, if you remember in lesson one, we saw in Matthew 24:15 that Jesus mentions this remaining week in refering to verse 27 of Daniel where he speaks of the "abomination of desolation", so we know that it has not yet come to pass right on up to the time that Jesus was still alive (30 AD). We are still waiting for the final "week" (period of seven years) to realize itself.
And now the last verse in chapter 9. " And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate."(v 27) From this we see that the final "week" will begin with the confirmation of a "covenant" that will be for the duration of the whole seven years, but that in the "midst" of the week ( 3 1/2 years into it ) that there is going to be a ceasing of sacrifice (a breaking of the covenant) and he shall make it "desolate" (it won't exist anymore). This breaking of the covenant will give rise to the period known as "The Great Tribulation", as we shall see in the coming lesson.
***This concludes lesson two on "The EndTime" . Be sure to review it and also lesson one to have it well understood before going on to lesson three.***